Systematics redescription of two oftenconfused noctuid. In this work, we investigated the influence of trap design, trap height, and trap color on pheromone trap catches of c. Successful behavioralbased control methods rely on the accurate knowledge of the mating dynamics of the target insect. This species is included for comparison to other species that are considered invasive.
Click here to download a fullsize printable pdf of this larval setal map. Efficiency of different egg parasitoids and increased floral diversity for the biological control of noctuid pests. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the reproductive behavior. Treatments ranged from 15003000 ppm, for durations from 24 to 120 hours. Noctuidae on and near the host plant download download pdf.
Noctuidae were studied by counting individual eggs on and around the host plant. Redescription of two oftenconfused noctuid pests, copitarsia. Cuculliinae is a quarantine pest in different countries and affects diverse crops of economic importance in south america. Copitarsia turbata herrichschaffer, 1852 references. Oct 01, 2006 this research was undertaken to gather data in support of an assessment of the likelihood that copitarsia decolora guenee lepidoptera. Copitarsia decolora guenee is an important pest of several crops such in mexico, central and south america. The larva of copitarsia decolora guenee is described and illustrated. Overview of lepidoptera families purdue university. Copitarsia heydenreichii freyer, 1850 copitarsia mimica angulo y olivares, 1999. The females deposited significantly more eggs on the soil around the cabbage plant than on the plant. This misidentification has affected life history studies, risk assessments, and biological. We also investigated morphological variation in adult males sampled from these populations. Pdf copitarsia decolora guenee is an important pest of several crops such in mexico, central and south america.
Copitarsia spp biology and risk posed by potentially invasive lepidoptera from south america juli gould usdaaphis rebecca simmons university of north dakota robert venette. The magic bullet colorista installer is commonly called unvise32. Systematics a new pest species of copitarsia lepidoptera. Noctuidae females avoid larvae competition by detecting larvae damaged plants. Florida entomologist an international journal for the americas has published reports of research on insects and other arthropods since 1917. Age at first mating affects reproductive potential and the chance of multiple mating. Chemical composition of the lowpolar fraction of the. Copitarsia decolora copituoverview eppo global database. Oviposition, larval preference, and larval performance in. No reference that we have lists this species as invasive in north america. Copitarsia decolora is a widely distributed polyphagous species with a large number of nominal changes due to phenotypic plasticity.
Sep 01, 2012 copitarsia decolora guenee is an important pest of several crops such in mexico, central and south america. Return to article details oviposition by copitarsia decolora guenee lepidoptera. General information about copitarsia decolora copitu eppo global database. Effects of cold treatment on mortality of dysaphis cynarae hemiptera. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the. Pdf effects of cold treatment on mortality of dysaphis. Copitarsia spp biology and risk posed by potentially invasive lepidoptera from south america juli gould usdaaphis rebecca simmons university of north dakota robert venette usdafs. Pdf effect of temperature on development and population. Copitarsia spp biology and risk posed by potentially. We investigated combinations of age, body size and mating history to determine how these. Pogue larval description of copitarsia incommoda lepidoptera. Copitarsia corruda has its status revised based on co1 and morphology. Pathway models for analysing and managing the introduction.
Overview of lepidoptera families taxonomic workshop for early detection of important tortricidae and other lepidopteran agricultural and silvicultural pests. Here, we address these three issues by describing a new pest species of copitarsia that was revealed during a mitochondrial dna study of a group of morphologically similar populations of the copitarsia decolora guene. The leafworm causes serious economic losses to farmers because the shipments are intercepted at the detection sites. Noctuidae, annals of the entomological society of america 1046, 12921296, 1 november 2011. This misidentification has affected life history studies, risk assessments, and biological control of these pest species. Larval description of copitarsia incommoda lepidoptera. View of oviposition by copitarsia decolora guenee lepidoptera. Pheromone trap for monitoring copitarsia decolora lepidoptera. C in 10 l glass jars using a phosphine and air mixture. The cabbage moth, copitarsia decolora guenee is an important pest of a number of commodities. Magic bullet colorista is developed for windows vista7810 environment, 32bit version. The identification and subsequent synthesis of the sex pheromone compounds can lead to the use of semiochemicals as an important strategy to complement the pest management.
In addition to genitalic and larval characters, mitochondrial gene. Members of the genus copitarsia hampson noctuidae are widespread pests of many agricultural commodities in central and south america. Mass spectral library with search program data version. Flights of noctuidae and crambidae of economic importance. The identification and subsequent synthesis of the sex pheromone compounds can lead to the use of semiochemicals as an important strategy to complement the pest. The egg, first and last instars, and adult of copitarsia corruda, n. Oviposition by copitarsia decolora guenee lepidoptera.
Oviposition, larval preference, and larval performance in two. View enhanced pdf access article on wiley online library html view download pdf for offline viewing. Asparagus that is destroyed by cooking and consumption, being run through a trash compactor or. Leiva has been reported as a pest of ornamental flowers. Fumigations were conducted in under refrigeration at 6. Two species, copitarsia incommoda walker and copitarsia turbata herrichschaffer, are of particular concern. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual. In addition, this species is a regulatory concern in the usa. We investigated combinations of age, body size and mating history to determine how.
Efficiency of different egg parasitoids and increased. Pathway models for analysing and managing the introduction of alien plant pests. Jun 20, 20 successful behavioralbased control methods rely on the accurate knowledge of the mating dynamics of the target insect. Evidence of cryptic species within the pest copitarsia. Identification of the sex pheromone of copitarsia decolora.
Flights of noctuidae and crambidae of economic importance in. It is expected that females preferentially oviposit on plant hosts that allow for optimal larval performance. January 2014 online edition find all wikispecies pages which cite this reference. Nov 01, 2004 members of the genus copitarsia hampson noctuidae are widespread pests of many agricultural commodities in central and south america. Coupled gas chromatographicelectroantennographic detection. Copitarsia decolora is a pest in cut flowers for exportation. The development of ethological control strategies is an important issue that requires knowing the reproductive behavior of the species involved. Noctuidae species complex with the description of a new species from chile and argentina. The rate of release of the sex pheromone of the cabbage heartworm copitarsia decolora guenee was evaluated in two crop cycles of broccoli autumnwinter and springsummer, at doses 1 mg, 5 mg. Nov 01, 2011 the larva of copitarsia incommoda is compared with larvae of copitarsia decolora guenee and copitarsia corruda pogue and simmons. Systematics redescription of two oftenconfused noctuid pests. Most of the species of concern to aphis are treated in his publication. Copitarsia corruda copitarsia decolora helicoverpa armigera helicoverpa assulta helicoverpa zea. Additionally, we investigated the seasonal dynamics of c.
In 1994, it became the first longpublished, refereed, natural science journal to make its content available on the internet and the first journal to use pdf for that purpose. Mar 27, 2020 copitarsia decolora guenee lepidoptera. Noctuidae from the neotropical region feeding on asparagus and cut flowers. In the present study we followed its life cycle on plants of. Jul 01, 2004 copitarsia decolora guenee is a widely distributed, highly polyphagous pest found throughout central and south america. Efficacy of phosphine at low temperature for insects of. Noctuidae, a pest of asparagus, asparagus officinalis l. The fastest way to seperate these two taxa is by counting the number of thoracic sd sclerotized bars. Pp1 efficacy evaluation of plant protection products. Therefore, we sought a more effective means to monitor and manage these moth. Growers of cotton and soybean in southeast missouri have expressed deep concern over increases in lepidopteran damage the past 2 years. Magic bullet colorista free version download for pc.
Jul 01, 2008 the larva of copitarsia decolora guenee is described and illustrated. Copitarsia gibberosa pogue, in press awaiting print edition references edit pogue, m. Annals of the entomological society of america 101. There are from six to 25 species in copitarsia depending on the taxonomic authority, but only a few of these are economic pests gould et al.
Systematics redescription of two oftenconfused noctuid pests, copitarsia decolora and copitarsia incommoda lepidoptera. Noctuidae belongs to a genus of moths that is distributed. Oviposition preferences by copitarsia decolora guenee lepidoptera. Copitarsia is a genus of moths of the family noctuidae. Efforts to control fall armyworm, bollworm, southwestern corn borer, and black cutworm with bt varieties of corn or cotton and foliar insecticides generally meet with limited success. Pdf pheromone trap for monitoring copitarsia decolora. Key words copitarsia decolora, noctuidae, risk assessment, pathway analysis copitarsia decolora guene. Oviposition strategies conducted by this insect pest and its ecological implications are discussed. Pogue systematic entomology laboratory, plant sciences institute, usda. Its management requires basic and local information about its biology. In addition to genitalic and larval characters, mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase i coi was analyzed to differentiate c.159 9 208 1327 742 289 1160 50 185 609 529 383 1412 107 720 242 714 701 797 121 576 1057 552 1190 60 697 778 1164 1459 848 233 953 55 139 29 395 12 395 142 1204 1217 692